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2000-05: The Judiciary Law,2000

The State Peace and Development Council
The Judiciary Law,2000
(The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 5/2000)
The 11th Waning Day of Nayone,1362 M.E.
(27th June,2000)

The State Peace and Development Council hereby enacts the following Law:

Chapter I
Title and Commencement

1. (a) This Law shall be called the Judiciary Law,2000.

(b) The provision contained in section 3 of this Law shall come into force from 8th July,1 999.With the exception of the provision contained in the said section 3,the remaining provisions shall come into force from the date on which this Law is enacted.


Chapter II
Judicial Principles


2. The administration of justice shall be based upon the following principles;

(a) administering justice independently according to law;

(b) protecting and safeguarding the interests of the people and aiding in the restoration of law and order and regional peace and tranquility;

(c) educating the people to understand and abide by the law and cultivating in the people the habit of abiding by the law;

(d) working within the framework of law for the settlement of cases;

(e) dispensing justice in open court unless otherwise prohibited by law;

(f) guaranteeing in all cases the right of defence and the right of appeal
under the law;

(g) aiming at reforming moral character in meting out punishment to offenders.


Chapter Ill
Formation and Seat of the Supreme Court

3. The State Peace and Development Council shall constitute the Supreme Court with 1 Chief Justice,2 Deputy Chief Justices and from a minimum of 7 Judges to a maximum of 12 Judges.

4. The Supreme Court shall sit in Yangon and Mandalay respectively. Provided that, if necessary, it may sit at any other appropriate place.


Chapter IV
Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

5. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court shall be as follows; -

(a) adjudicating on original criminal and civil cases;

(b) adjudicating on a case transferred to it by its own decision;

(c) adjudicating on transfer of case from any Court to any other Court;

(d) adjudicating on an appeal case against any judgment, order and decision passed by the State or Divisional Court;

(e) adjudicating on a revision case against any judgment, order and decision passed by any Court;

(f) confirming death sentence passed by the State or Divisional Court or the District Court and adjudicating on an appeal case against the death sentence;

(g) examining any judgment, order and decision of any Court, which is not in conformity with the law and altering or setting aside may be necessary;

(h) examining any order and decision which is not in conformity with the Law relating to the legal rights of a citizen and altering or setting aside as may be necessary;

(i) adjudicating on an admiralty case;

(j) adjudicating on cases within its jurisdiction under any existing law.


Chapter V
Powers of the Supreme Court

6. The Supreme Court shall supervise the respective Courts.

7. A case finally and conclusively adjudicated by the Supreme Court exercising its original jurisdiction or a case finally and conclusively adjudicated by the Supreme Court on the final and conclusive decision of any Court may, on being admitted for special appeal by the Special Bench in accordance with the procedures, be heard and adjudicated again by the Special Appellate Bench consisting a total of 3 Judges including the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and a Judge of the Supreme Court or a total of 3 Judges including the Chief Justice and 2 Judges of the Supreme Court or a total of 3 Judges including the Deputy Chief Justice and 2 Judge of the Supreme Court.

8. With the exception of a case adjudicated by the Special Appellate Bench, in any case adjudicated by the Supreme Court if the Chief Justice is of the opinion that any substantial question has arisen in the interest of the public he may cause such question to be heard and adjudicated again by the Special Appellate Bench.

9. The Supreme Court may, in exercising its jurisdiction, hear and adjudicate on cases by a single Judge or by a bench consisting of more than one Judge as deter-med by the Chief Justice.

10. The Supreme Court may direct that cases in the State or Divisional Courts, the district Courts and the Township Courts be heard and adjudicated by a bench consisting of more than one Judge.

11. The Supreme Court shall prescribe as may be appropriate the jurisdiction of he State or Divisional Courts, the District Courts and Township Courts for enabling adjudication on criminal and civil cases.


Chapter VI
Formation of the State or Divisional Court ,the District Courts and the
Township Courts


12. The Supreme Court shall form the State or Divisional Courts, the District Courts and the Township Courts.

13. The Supreme Court shall appoint Judicial Officers and confer upon them appropriate judicial powers to act as Judges at the State or Divisional Courts, the District Courts and the Township Courts and prescribe their functions and duties.


Chapter VII
Jurisdiction and Powers of Courts


14. The jurisdiction of the State or Divisional Courts, the District Courts and the

Township Courts are as follows; -

(a) adjudicating on original civil cases;

(b) adjudicating on original criminal cases;

(c) adjudicating under any law.

15. The State or Divisional Court may adjudicate on appeal or revision case against any judgment, order and decision passed by the District Court.

16. The State or Divisional Court may; -

(a) within its State or Division, adjudicate on a case transferred to it by its own decision

(b) within its State or Division, adjudicate on the transfer of case from any Court to any other Court.

17. The State or Divisional Court may, in exercising its jurisdiction, adjudicate on cases by a single Judge or by a bench consisting of more than one Judge as determined by the State or Divisional Judge in accordance with the directive of the Supreme Court.

18. The District Court may adjudicate on appeal or revision case against any judgment, order and decision passed by the Township Court.

19. The District Court may;-

(a) within its District, adjudicate on a case transferred to it by its own decision;

(b) within its District, adjudicate on the transfer of case from any Court to any other Court.

20. The District Court may, in exercising its jurisdiction, adjudicate on cases by a single Judge or by a bench consisting of more than one Judge as determined by the District Judge in accordance with the directive of the Supreme Court.


21. The Township Court may, in exercising its jurisdiction, adjudicate on cases by a single Judge or by a bench consisting of more than one Judge as determined by the Township Judge in accordance with the directive of the Supreme Court.


Chapter VIII
Miscellaneous

22. The Special Appellate Bench constituted under section 7 of this Law shall proceed to hear and adjudicate on cases admitted for special appeal by the Special Bench of the Supreme Court.

23. After coming into force of this Law, the original case, appeal case, revision case and applications shall be adjudicated by the Courts having jurisdiction in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

24. The Judges shall proceed to hear and adjudicate on cases pending in the respective Courts.

25. The Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justices, the Judges of the Supreme Court, the Judges of the State or Divisional Court and the Judges of the District Court may, if necessary, inspect prisons, yebet camps and police lock-ups for enabling convicted persons and those under detention to enjoy rights to which they are entitled to in accordance with law and relating to the proceedings and for preventing undue delay in the trial of cases.

26. The Supreme Court may form service personnel as may be necessary for the Supreme Court and the respective Courts.

27. The Supreme Court may issue such rules, procedures, orders, notifications, directives and manuals as may be necessary.

28. The Judiciary Law(The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No.2/88) is hereby repealed.

Sd./ Than Shwe
Senior General
Chairman
State Peace and Development Council

သင့်ထင်မြင်ချက်လေး ရေးခဲ့ပါ။

Please leave comments or requests to revise or update, about this law...


မိတ်ဆွေ ပြည်ထောင်စု သားရောင်းရင်းများ ခင်ဗျား... ဒီစာမျက်နှာ သို့မဟုတ် ဒီဥပဒေနဲ့ ပတ်သက်ပြီး သင်ဘာပြောချင် ပါသလဲ? သင် ဘယ်လို မြင်ပါသလဲ? ထောက်ခံသလား? ကန့်ကွက်သလား? ဘယ်အပိုင်းက ခေတ်နဲ့ မညီဘူး ဖြစ်နေသလဲ? ဘယ်အပိုင်းကို ဦးစားပေး ပြင်သင့်တယ် ထင်သလဲ?
  • ကြောက်လို့ ဘာမှ မပြောဘဲ နေတာဟာ အဂတိ လိုက်စားတာပါ။ ‘ဘယာဂတိ’ လို့ ခေါ်ပါတယ်။ ဒါတွေ ရပ်ဘို့ လိုပါတယ်။ ပွင့်လင်းတဲ့ လူ့ဘောင် တစ်ခု ဖြစ်လာဘို့ ကျွန်တော်တို့ နိုင်ငံသားတွေကို အားပေး ရပါမယ်။ ပျိုးထောင် ရပါမယ်။ မိမိအမြင်ကို လွတ်လပ်စွာ ဆွေးနွေးတာ၊ တိုင်ပင် နှီးနှောတာ ဒီမိုကရေစီပါ။ ဆွေးနွေးပါ။ ဝေဖန်ပါ။ အားပေးပါတယ်။ ကျွန်တော်တို့ အားလုံးကိုယ်တိုင်လည်း အဝေဖန်ခံနိုင်အောင် ကြိုးစားရပါမယ်။  သဘောထား ကြီးအောင်ကြိုးစားပြီး။ agree to disagree ဆိုတာကို ဒီမိုကရေစီ နည်းကျ ကျင့်ကြံကြရပါမယ်။
  • မိမိ လုပ်ရပ်အားလုံးကို မိမိ တာဝန်ယူရမယ်ဆိုတာလည်း ဒီမိုကရေစီပါ။ ဆဲဆိုတာတွေ၊ မလုပ်ဘဲ ချက်ကျလက်ကျ ပြောဆိုဆွေးနွေး စေချင်ပါတယ်။ မေတ္တာရပ်ခံ လိုပါတယ်။ 
  • မတရားတာတွေ ဒီမိုကရေစီနည်းနဲ့ ရပ်တန့်ဘို့က ဒီလို ဆွေးနွေးဘို့ များများ လိုပါတယ်။ ဒီမှာ ဆွေးနွေးတာတွေကို law-maker တွေ၊ လွှတ်တော် ကိုယ်စားလှယ်တွေ မြင်အောင်၊ ဖတ်ဖြစ်အောင် ကျွန်တော်တို့ ကြိုးစား နေပါတယ်။ 
  • ကမ္ဘာမှာ အတိုးတက်ဆုံး အမေရိကန် ပြည်ထောင်စု ဆိုတာ ကမ္ဘာမှာ ဥပဒေ အများဆုံး ရှိတဲ့ တိုင်းပြည်ပါ။ ဆိုလိုတာက ချုပ်ချယ်မှု အများဆုံး တိုင်းပြည်ပါ။ ကာကွယ်သင့်တာတွေကို အကာအကွယ် အများဆုံး ပေးတဲ့ တိုင်းပြည်ပါ။ တစ်ချိန်တည်းမှာ ကမ္ဘာမှာ အလွတ်လပ်ဆုံး တိုင်းပြည်ပါ။ မိမိတို့ ချစ်တဲ့ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံကို the land of opportunities ဖြစ်လာအောင် ဝိုင်းဝန်း အကြံပေး ကြပါ။ ပြုပြင် ပေးကြပါလို့ နှိုးဆော် လိုက်ပါရစေ။

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ဒီဥပဒေထဲမှာ ဘာတွေ ပြင်သင့်သလဲ? ဆွေးနွေးကြည့်ပါ။
What are needed to be revised in this law?

ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံကို သင့်ဖုန်းပေါ်မှာ ဖတ်နိုင်

Myanmar constitution app for Androidယခု လက်ရှိ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံ အခြေခံ ဥပဒေကို သင့် Android ဖုန်းပေါ်မှာ အလွယ်တကူ ဖတ်နိုင်အောင် mobile app ထုတ်ထားပါတယ်။ အခမဲ့ ရယူနိုင်ပါတယ်။ Myanmar Constitution app for Android mobiles. Download here.

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